CEMS

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING

Stack Testing

Ankersmid Sampling

APS Portable Gas Sampling System

The emission of pollutants resulting from a multitude of activities (industry, transport, …) alters the atmospheric composition and degrade air quality. Control of gaseous pollutant emissions in the atmosphere has become a major challenge for the protection of human health and the environment. To avoid these risks, the regulation has established discharge limits thresholds for certain pollutants and requires periodic inspections whose frequency depends on the type of activity (from 3 months to 3 years). Accredited stack testing companies are responsible for conducting short to medium term environmental compliance monitoring tasks in a wide range of industries and processes such as power plants and large manufacturing facilities including paper mill, foundry, waste recycling facilities,  refineries…

Prior to be analysed, the gas extracted from the discharge stack or process duct requires delicate conditioning which mainly consist of particulate filtration and moisture removal. Failure to achieve an efficient sample preparation can results in inaccurate measurements, loss of data or damaged equipment.

While stack testers and local authorities are continuously devoting time and knowledge to optimise the methods and protocols related to short to medium terms mandatory analysis campaign, ANKERSMID® has invested its long time expertise in developing the APS Portable Gas Conditioning Systems in direct collaboration with  leading stack testing companies.

As a result, ANKERSMID® Portable Sampling System APS provides stack testers with  features tailored to short term source testing in a robust and light weight design. The complete systems responds to today’s demand in terms of operation and compliance.

ANKERSMID®

Portable Sampling System APS

ANKERSMID® Portable Sampling System APS is a complete gas sampling train composed of:

  • APP Heated Gas Sampling probe

    High temperature filtration

  • AHL Heated Gas Sample line

    Fast and reliable sample gas transfer

  • APS Gas Sampling System

    Accurate and performant gas conditioning

APP Portable Heated Gas Sampling Probe

The APP Heated Gas Sampling Probe is a light weight sampling gun enabling high temperature filtration directly at the sampling point.

Portable probe APP trans 2

The probe is heated up to 180°C in order to maintain the sample temperature above acid gases dew point. A filter element of 150 mm is integrated, suitable for most applications up to 1g of dust per cubic meter of emissions. Thanks to its design, the filter can be replaced or checked without the need of dismounting the probe. For applications where the dust load reaches 10 g/m³, a blow-back option can be fitted. Calibration gas can be injected directly into the probe through the calibration gas port according to emission monitoring standards enforcing test gas feeding via the probe’s filter element.

MAIN FEATURES

180°C operating temperature

Integrated over temperature safety switch

Low temperature alarm contact

Test gas port according to EN14181 available as standard

Light weight

Ready to operate in 15 minutes

Low and Easy maintenance

Universal mounting clamp for heated line

Compact design and universal applicability, easy handling with mounting eye on housing (2m chain incl.)

APP150 Portable heavy duty ABS case for safe transport

AHL Heated Sample Line

AHL Heatedline-v2

The AHL Heated sample line is perfectly suited to mobile applications. It features a highly flexible smooth silicon outer jacket and can be fitted with options enabling efficient installation and operation:

  • Quick connect fittings at both ends: stainless steel pressure release connector directly inserted into the heated lines hard cap terminations (no cold spot)
  • Built-in cable with plugs to feed the APP sampling probe with power – No additional cable or power source required at the sampling location.
  • Additional inner tubes for test gas (calibration via probe filter) or compressed air (back-flush)

APS Portable Gas Conditioning System

 

portable conditioning 3xx 2

The APS portable sampling system is designed so that detailed gas analysis can be carried out at any time in any place. The entire sampling system is housed in a compact and robust carrying case which ensures safe transport and easy set-up. All the components can be easily accessed for inspection or routine maintenance. The APS concept allows you to perform gas analysis in an efficient manner, safely and with a minimum of maintenance. This system ensures reliable sample preparation without loss and prevents damage on the downstream analysis system. It is suitable for a large range of applications and has already been adopted by many stack testers around the world.

MAIN FEATURES

Fully automated

Moisture alarm (detection of sample condensates)

Extremely stable dew point +/-1 degree C

Optimal reliability

Compact and robust design

Light weight

Ready to operate in 15 minutes

Low and Easy maintenance

PFA coated heat exchanger

PTFE coated sampling pump

Preliminary sample filter

Built-in temperature controller for the heated line

AquaGas Pty Ltd

Integrated high performance monitoring solutions

aquagas_logo_500px

AquaGas Pty Ltd has the tools and technologies needed to accurately measure atmospheric emissions of gaseous pollutants helping you in improving air quality and environmental performances.

  • Portable Gas Analysers

    Multigas analysers fitted with a combination of proprietary gas cells for short term monitoring of biogas, syngas and combustion processes.

  • Isokinetic Sampling Console

    Isokinetic sampler developed for short to medium term emissions monitoring, fulfilling all the requirements of the dioxins and persistent organic compounds (POPs), PCBs, metals, HCB and fine dust measurement standard within the same sampling train

  • Data Acquisition and reporting Software

    Data Aquisition Software (CDAS) is a fully MCERTS accredited (parts A, B, C1 & C2) real time data acquisition software – now available for touch screens and windows 10. CDAS is customisable and flexible, allowing it to collect raw data from a range of instruments for CEMS

 

Ankersmid Sampling

ANKERSMID® , well-known in the monitoring industry as Ankersmid M&C, has the benefits of 30 years of experience in developing state of the art gas sampling and gas conditioning equipment tailored to CEMS (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems) and stack testing (short to medium term measurements). Subsidiaries in several countries (Netherlands, France, China, Roumania, Germany, Korea…) and more than 100 employees world-wide place ANKERSMID® in a leading position within the field of environmental monitoring and process control instrumentation.

Syngas monitoring

Purpose of gas monitoring in DRI plant

The use of process gas online monitoring systems at locations such blast furnace gas outlet, converter off gas exhaust and coking gas outlet is very reasonable in order to analyse the fuel gases composition by measuring the concentration of  CO, CO2, O2, N2, CH4, and H2. There from the calorific value BTU and the Wobbe Index WI can be accurately calculated. Modern steel plants uses dedicated stationary online monitoring system to monitor the primary constituents of  Direct Reduction Iron process gases essential to have a full understanding of the process status and efficiency.

  • In particular, the energy content of the gases, as described by their calorific value, provides the user with important information about efficient firing of different plants in the steel mill (coking plant, sinter plant, rolling mill, etc.) or a nearby power plant.
  • High-calorific coke or natural gas is mixed with low-calorific converter or blast furnace gas in mixing stations. This is to adjust the calorific value of the mixture to the requirements of the subsequent consumer and to avoid discharging of valuable gases into the off gas.
  • The knowledge of the calorific value together with information about pressure and flow rate of the fuel gas enables the user to adjust a constant energy content of the mixed gas using an intelligent control system.
  • Furthermore, analysis data of the gas analysers are also used to determine the equivalent amount of oxygen that is required to run the combustion process. This results in a stoichiometric and uniform combustion and prevents soot production.

Monitoring locations

The number of monitoring points can vary depending of the degree of automation and optimisation desired by the plant operators as well as the type, quality and stability of the combustible used.

Monitoring locations in Syngas Plant often include

Sampling Point Location Measuring purposes Measured components Recommended technology
At the stack of the sinter plant Monitoring compliance of pollutant emission with existing regulations CO, SO2, NOx, O2 Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and/or Electrochemical sensor based Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems.*
At the raw material storage hall Monitoring ambient air for toxic gases CO NDIR Gas detector
At the raw material silo Early detection of dangers arising from

• Acetylene from calcium carbide

• Fire hazard originating from magnesium

C2H2 O2 Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR Gas analyser.*
After blast furnace uptake duct Optimizing the blast furnace process from blast furnace gas composition CO, CO2, CH4 H2 Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and/or Electrochemical sensor based online gas monitoring system.*
After dust bags Early detection of explosion risk for the dust bags from CO contents of the blast furnace gas CO CO2, CH4 H2 Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and/or Electrochemical sensor based online gas monitoring system.*
At the blast furnace gas outlet Determination of the calorific value of the blast furnace gas for billing purposes CO, CO2, CH4 Calorific value H2, N2, O2, CO Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and/or Electrochemical sensor based online gas monitoring system with Built-in calorific value calculation.Sampling method and measuring principle to be selected based on the exact application requirements.*
At the outlet of coal silo to coal mill Early detection of smouldering fires CO CH4 Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and/or Electrochemical sensor based online gas monitoring system.*
At the stack of the coking plant Monitoring compliance of pollutant emission with existing regulations CO,  NO, SO2, O2 Dust Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and Electrochemical sensor based Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems.*

Insitu dust analyser.

At the coal dust silo Early detection of smouldering fires CO Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and/or Electrochemical sensor based online gas monitoring system.*
At the off gas exit of coal mill Monitoring compliance of dust emission with existing regulations CO Dust Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and Electrochemical sensor based Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (heated sampling system required).*

Insitu dust analyser.

At the hot blast inlet Monitoring the oxygen content of the hot blast in order to optimize the blast furnace process O2 Insitu Combustion analyser type Zirconium with built in metallic reference.
At the stack of the hot blast oven Monitoring compliance of pollutant emission with existing regulations CO, NO, SO2, O2 Dust Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and Electrochemical sensor based Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems.*

Insitu dust analyser.

At the converter off gas outlet Optimizing the converter process from the composition of the converter off gas CO, CO2, O2 CO, CO2,  H2 Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and/or Electrochemical sensor based online gas monitoring system.*
At the coking gas outlet Determination of the calorific value of the coke oven gas for billing purposes and early detection of explosion risk CO, CH4, O2 H2 Calorific value Laser (OFCEAS), NDIR and/or Electrochemical sensor based online gas monitoring system with Built-in calorific value calculation.*

(*) Sampling method and measuring principle to be selected based on the exact application requirements and specifications.

Syngas online monitoring systems

The use of advanced online monitoring systems installed in the heart of syngas processes usually requires integration into air conditioned analyser rooms or shelters to preserve the instruments from harsh plant conditions and corrosive atmospheres. The installation in an area protected from the weather also secures the data/instrument availability by providing permanent access to the analysers – if attendance is required for maintenance or diagnosis.

Systems certified for installation in explosive area (ATEX) may be required in some cases.

Reliable, accurate and application customised online monitoring systems are valuable in DRI and other syngas plants as they allow determining the quality parameters of blast furnace, coke and natural gas essential to process optimisation.

AquaGas Pty Ltd offers a broad range of portable and stationary monitoring systems specifically designed to handle syngas online monitoring requirements.

Our analysers and systems provide plant operator with application specific key features:

  • Simultaneous measurement of several components within the same instruments reducing the cost of the system itself but also easing integration, installation and operation tasks
  • Combine various cells and measurement principles into the same instrument
  • Measure accurately over a large dynamic range
  • Measure all primary constituents of process gas: CO, CH4, O2, H2, CO, CO2, H2, CnHm
  • Calculate automatically the gas calorific value BTU and Wobbe Index WI
  • Allow fast sample transfer on long distances
  • Maintain the gas temperature above dew point
  • Decrease and stabilize the sample dew point prior analysis to eliminate water vapour cross interferences
  • Transmit to the plant DCS individual readings for all measured components (analogue or serial communication)
  • Convey the sample in SS, PFA or PFTE gas path
  • Designed to operate in harsh conditions
  • Remove particulates, soot and tar from the sample directly at the sampling location
  • Automatic sampling and calibration sequences including span, zero check, system purge, probe backflush
  • Store internally at least one month of data
  • Dedicated sampling system featuring heated particulate filtration and sample transfer, high temperature sampling probe, Gas cooler with PFA coated heat exchanger or Nafion membrane drier.

Monitoring solutions tailored to the needs of syngas plants

 

 

AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

Indoor air quality

 

Air Quality in Submarines

The last generation of conventional submarines allows several weeks of submersion, creating a need for regenerative air purification methods and new air monitoring instruments. Submarine air is a complex mixture of compounds, where the most obvious contaminant is metabolically produced carbon dioxide. Normal eight-hour occupational exposure limits are not applicable on a submarine, instead special long-time exposure limits are set.

A number of air purification methods for submarines are either available or under development, e.g. cryogenic plants, biological plants and solid amine plants. For air monitoring, the OFCEAS method is an interesting option, already in use on-board nuclear submarines.

The main contaminant of submarine air is CO2. In ordinary buildings 1000 ppm is usually considered as a maximum concentration. This value is not based on health effects but on the rate of ventilation. In submarines, higher CO2 concentrations are permitted, usually 5000- 7000 ppm. A submarine atmosphere consists of a large number of contaminants such as ozone, which can be formed in electrical devices and hydrogen, which is formed when the batteries are charged.

To ensure the health of the crew on short and long term, it is important to specify the permitted composition of the submarine atmosphere.

ProCeasNAV-Onboard-air-quality-analyser

Table 1 shows a submarine air specification for a conventional submarine.

Compounds Limit Compounds Limit
NO2 5 ppm NH3 25 ppm
CO2 8 000 ppm O3 0.1 ppm
CO 35 ppm H2 2 %
SO2 2 ppm CL2 1 ppm
Formaldehyde 2 ppm H2O2 1 ppm
Akrolein 0.1 ppm

 

Since the crew is continuously exposed to the submarine air for several weeks, normal eight hour occupational exposure levels are not applicable and special exposure limits must be determined. Maximum Permissible Concentrations (MPC) are set for an exposure time of 90 days for a number of compounds likely to be found in a submarine. They have also set emergency MPC’s for 24 h and 60 min.

The ProCeas® NAV

The ProCeas® NAV is designed for online monitoring of CO2, CO, Freon, H2S, H2, O2, Formaldehyde (…) in nuclear and conventional submarines. The ProCeas® NAV uses the OFCEAS method commercialized by Ap2e of France.

ap2e-CEMS and Process Analysers

The OFCEAS system uses a high-finesse optical cavity to provide path lengths of tens of kilometres. Moreover the OFCEAS technology can also, in certain configurations, take advantage of broadband light sources to provide multi-component analysis, while offering improved sensitivity when compared with shorter path-length methods, such as Tunable Diode Laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS).

ProCeasNAV-indoor air quality in submarines

The ProCeas® NAV analyser has been designed to endure large temperature variations, high vibrations and englobes all criteria required by the military environment to assure long-term crew member health in a confined environment.

Some of the gases and measuring ranges available on the ProCeas® NAV are:

Carbon Monoxide CO: 0-1000 ppm – Lower Detection Limit: 1 ppm

Carbon Dioxyde CO2: 0-5% – Lower Detection Limit: 0.01 %

Hydrogen Sulfide H2S: 0-10 ppm – Lower Detection Limit: 0.1 ppm

Freon; R134a and R404: 0-1000 ppm – Lower Detection Limit: 2 ppm

Ethanol C3H6O 0-2000 ppm – Lower Detection Limit: 4 ppm

General characteristics

Response time < 10 sec

No Zero drift and no Span drift – No daily calibration required – No nitrogen, zero air, purge or other carrier gas.

Weight 15 to 20 kg

Dimensions 480 x 240 x 150 cm

Formaldehyde in Indoor Air

 

For continuous ambient and indoor air quality monitoring (real time at ppb levels), the ProCeas® spectrometer is equipped with a laser at a single wavelength used to determine the concentration of a specific compound with an extremely low detection limit and fast response time. The OFCEAS extended optical path and continuous signal feedback provide a high definition spectral response using what is essentially a traditional absorption measurement.

ProCeas

ProCeas® Formaldehyde at HUTCHINSON

As per the international OH&S regulations on Formaldehyde, Hutchinson, subsidiary of TOTAL, evaluated several technologies to implement continuous real-time monitoring of Formaldehyde at their Plant facilities.

The ProCeas® has been selected by Hutchinson as the technology the most suited to their monitoring needs in terms of response time, accuracy and flexibility around the integration within the mainstream of their installation.

Hutchinson uses the ProCeas® to measure various level of Formaldehyde in the air at 3 separated sampling locations: laboratory, offices & entrance hall.

ProCeas-INDOOR-AIR-QUALITY

ProCeas Key features

  • Low detection level
  • Complete pre-calibrated laser infra-red spectrometer
  • Reduced response-time with Low pressure sampling system
  • Suitable for a wide range of components in ambient air: NH3, O2, H2, H2S, HCFC, VOCs, (…)

Example of performances for the Formaldehyde

Measuring range: 0-10 ppm (up to 1%)

Lower detection limit: 1 ppb – (10 ppm at 1%)

Response time 2s

No Zero drift and no Span drift – No daily calibration required – No nitrogen, zero air, purge or other carrier gas.

Area Monitors for Sterilant Gas

Hazards of sterilant gases

Since sterilant gases are selected to destroy a wide range of biological life forms, any gas which is suitable for sterilisation will present a hazard to personnel exposed to it. The NIOSH Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health values (IDLH) for the three sterilant gases are 800 ppm, 75 ppm and 5 ppm for ethylene oxide, hydrogen peroxide and ozone respectively.

For comparison, the IDLH of cyanide gas (hydrogen cyanide) is 50 ppm. Thus exposure to even low levels of sterilant gas should not be treated casually and most facilities go to great lengths to adequately protect their employees. In addition sterilizers (as with any mechanical device) can and sometimes do fail and leaks have been reported. Continuous gas monitors are used as part of an overall safety program to provide a prompt alert to nearby workers in the event that there is a leak of the sterilant gas.Steri-Trac Area Monitors - sterilant gas - AquaGas

Monitoring Sterilant

The monitor alarms are typically set to warn if the concentrations exceed the OSHA permissible exposure limits (PELs), 1.0 ppm for ethylene oxide and 1.0 and 0.1 ppm for OH&S and ozone respectively. The PELs are calculated as 8 hour time weighted average values.

In addition to providing continuous monitoring, the better gas monitors include a computer based data acquisition system provides automatic data logging to assist with compliance with OSHA’s regulations and impending alarms that allow users to rectify problems before they become a hazard.

There are several technologies that are commonly used for the detection of sterilant gases, the main three being electrochemical, gas chromatography and metal oxide semiconductor. All three technologies are suitable for ethylene oxide, but only electrochemical sensors are used for hydrogen peroxide and ozone detection.

For ethylene oxide, metal oxide electrochemical sensors provide a low cost, long life detector offer very good sensitivity, fast alarm response times and small size. ChemDAQ gas monitor manufacturers mainly use electrochemical sensors for toxic gases because of their many advantages.

Electrochemical sensors have traditionally suffered from a cross sensitivity problems with other vapours (alcohols are especially troublesome in health care). Cross sensitivity results in false alarms, unnecessary evacuations and eventually a loss of confidence in the gas monitoring system.

AquaGas - ChemDag - Steri-trac

ChemDAQ has developed a proprietary chemical filter that allows the ethylene oxide to pass through but removes most common interferent gases and vapours (including carbon monoxide, ethanol and IPA). The use of this filter allow the ethylene oxide to be detected with all the advantages that electrochemical sensors have to offer, but without the problems of cross sensitivity.

Capture

 

AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

CEMS and process gas analyser

 

A new approach to continuous gas monitoring

The Mamos is a high quality stationary monitoring system for the measurement of up to 6 gases as well as gas temperature, ambiant and differential pressures (Gas Flow) in a large field of applications.

Designed to optimise performance/price ratio, small in size and yet very skilful analyser, the Mamos is the field proven alternative for large, intricate Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, as it does not fall behind them concerning functionality, abilities, reliability and is far ahead in terms of expenses.

AquaGas Multigas CEMS

Online monitoring made easy

Fully automated and packed with exclusive features, the Mamos concept enlarges monitoring possibilities and respond to the today’s demands in terms of accuracy, reliability and flexibility. Each analyser is supplied with its own sampling system. The entire system is mounted on a wall mount plate and designed for installation in industrial settings and rough environment. It has a modular construction, and offer a large panel of add-ons to match site specific application requirements. The Mamos minimises the installation and ongoing operation cost until now required to fulfil your monitoring needs.

MAMOS-Multigas-analyser-CEMS-features

Multigas

Depending of the gas matrix and components to be analysed, the Mamos can be fitted with up to 6 different sensors. The combination of technologies (NDIR, TCD, PID, Electrochemical) and the addition of separate gas channels into the same instrument empower flexibility in multigas applications. A unique feature is to allocate a gas channel to sensible sensors. Its design ensures the cells have a limited exposure to gases and therefore extends considerably their respective life-time.

Process gas and emissions monitoring in combustion plants, boilers, syngas, biogas, waste recycling facilities and associated filtration systems are typical applications for multiple gas channels configuration.

In Biogas, the primary gas channel holds the CO2, CH4, Osensors while an additional separate gas channel is allocated to sensible Electrochemical sensors, H2S for example. The two NDIR gas channels can then be used for CO and VOCs.

MAMOS-CEMS-Flow diagram-2

The Mamos offers multiple sensor and method configurations. Here are the measuring parameter for the most common gases. For other gases or different measuring ranges (MR), please consult us.

 

Gas Analysis Method Range   I   Resolution Accuracy Time (T90) Conformity
O2

Oxygen

Electrochemical, Partial Pressure 20.95% |

0.01%

± 0.1% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,
CTM-030
O2

Oxygen

Electrochemical, Partial Pressure 25.00% |

0.01%

± 0.1% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,
CTM-030
O2

Oxygen

Electrochemical, Partial Pressure 100.00% |

0.01%

± 0.1% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,
CTM-030
CO

Carbon Monoxide

Electrochemical Sensor 4 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,
CTM-030
CO

Carbon Monoxide

Electrochemical, with H2 compensation 4 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,
CTM-030
CO

Carbon Monoxide

Electrochemical Sensor 20 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,
CTM-030
CO

Carbon Monoxide

Electrochemical, with H2 compensation 20 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,
CTM-030
CO

Carbon Monoxide

Electrochemical Sensor 10% |

0.001%

± 0.005% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,
CTM-030
CO

Carbon Monoxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

10% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec EN 15058 and

Method 10

CO

Carbon Monoxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

25% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec EN 15058 and

Method 10

CO

Carbon Monoxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

50% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec EN 15058 and

Method 10

CO

Carbon Monoxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

100% |

0.1%

± 0.5% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec EN 15058 and

Method 10

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

5% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,

OTM-13

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

10% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,

OTM-13

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

25% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,

OTM-13

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

50% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,

OTM-13

CO2

Carbon Dioxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

100% |

0.1%

± 0.5% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec ISO 12039,

OTM-13

CxHy

Total Hydrocarbons

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

1% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
CxHy

Total Hydrocarbons

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

5% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
CxHy

Total Hydrocarbons

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

10% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
CxHy

Total Hydrocarbons

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

25% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
CxHy

Total Hydrocarbons

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

50% |

0.01%

± 0.05% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
CxHy

Total Hydrocarbons

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

100% |

0.1%

± 0.5% abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
NO

Nitric Oxide

Electrochemical Sensor 1 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec CTM-022
NO

Nitric Oxide

Electrochemical Sensor 5 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec CTM-022
NO2

Nitrogen Dioxide

Electrochemical Sensor 1 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 60 sec CTM-022
NO2

Nitrogen Dioxide

Electrochemical Sensor 4 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 60 sec CTM-022
SO2

Sulphur Dioxide

Electrochemical Sensor 2 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
SO2

Sulphur Dioxide

Electrochemical Sensor 5 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
H2S

Hydrogen sulfide

Electrochemical Sensor 1 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 70 sec
H2S

Hydrogen sulfide

Electrochemical Sensor 10 000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
H2

Hydrogen

Electrochemical Sensor 2 000ppm |

1ppm

± 10ppm abs. or 5% rel. 50 sec
H2

Hydrogen

Electrochemical Sensor 20 000ppm |

1ppm

± 10ppm abs. or 5% rel. 70 sec
H2

Hydrogen

TCD

Thermal Conductivity Detector

10% |

0.1%

± 0.5% abs. or 5% rel 45 sec
H2

Hydrogen

TCD

Thermal Conductivity Detector

25% |

0.1%

± 0.5% abs. or 5% rel 45 sec
H2

Hydrogen

TCD

Thermal Conductivity Detector

50% |

0.1%

± 0.5% abs. or 5% rel 45 sec
H2

Hydrogen

TCD

Thermal Conductivity Detector

100% |

0.1%

± 0.5% abs. or 5% rel 45 sec
N2O

Nitrous Oxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

2 000ppm |

1ppm

± 10ppm abs. or 5% rel 45 sec ISO 21258
N2O

Nitrous Oxide

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

5 000ppm |

1ppm

± 10ppm abs. or 5% rel 45 sec ISO 21258
CHF3

Fluoroform (Refrigerant R23)

NDIR

Non Dispersive Infra Red

2.5% |

0.01%

± 0.05 abs. or 5% rel. 45 sec
CL2

Chlorine

Electrochemical Sensor 250ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 60 sec
VOC

Volatile Organic Compounds

PID

Photo Ionization Detector

100ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 120 sec Method 21
VOC

Volatile Organic Compounds

PID

Photo Ionization Detector

1000ppm |

1ppm

± 5ppm abs. or 5% rel. 120 sec Method 21

Pleasant interface

Its powerful and pleasant PC interface provides operators and system integrators with a broad range of settings to adjust many aspects of the measurement tasks such as automated sampling, calibration, purge sequences, analogue outputs behaviour, data presentations…

For large sites with complex monitoring requirements, the LAN and ModBus interfaces allow implementing in an efficient way large instruments networks with master/slave configurations and user settable monitoring functions.

MAMOS-CEMS-interface

Optimised integration

This compact system is delivered ready for installation. Thanks to its small size, the system is easy to locate,  install and set-up. The routing of the cables and tubes to the instrument is simplified with all gas and electrical connections grouped onto a single plate.

MAMOS-CEMS-Connector panel MAMOS-CEMS-Connector panel-2

Advanced Features

  • Miniature and field replaceable technology
  • Standard configuration includes 6 sensors (NDIR, TCD, PID or Electrochemical)
  • Measured gases: O2, CO, CO2, CxHy, NO, NO2, SO2, H2S, H2, N2O, Cl2, VOC
  • Built-in real-time calculations for the following process parameters:

 

Variable Method Range   I   Resolution Accuracy Response Time (T90)
Tgas

Gas temperature

K-type thermocouple -50 ÷ 1000°C |

0.1°C

± 2°C 10 sec
Tgas

Gas temperature

S-type thermocouple -50 ÷ 1000°C |

0.1°C

± 2°C 10 sec
Tamb

Boiler intake air temperature

PT500 resistive sensor -50 ÷ 1000°C |

0.1°C

± 2°C 10 sec
DP

Differential Pressure

Silicon piezo-resistive pressure sensor 25hPa ÷ +25hPa |

1Pa (0.01hPa)

± 2Pa abs. or 5% rel. 10 sec
V

Gas velocity

With sampling probe equipped Pitot tube & pressure sensor 1 ÷ 50m/s |

0.1m/s

0.3m/s abs. or 5% rel. 10 sec
Lambda λ

Excess air number

Calculated 1 ÷ 10 |

0.01

± 5% rel. 10 sec
qA

Stack loss

Calculated 0 ÷ 100% |

0.1%

± 5% rel 10 sec
Eta η

Combustion Efficiency

Calculated 0 ÷ 120% |

0.1%

± 5% rel 10 sec
  • Large display / User friendly menu
  • Built-in gas chiller with continuous condensate removal
  • Data-logger with SD card for results collection.
  • Analogue outputs (both current and voltage) to control external devices
  • User configurable functions controlled via digital and analogue inputs
  • USB, LAN, RS485 and MODBUS

Versatile in use

The sampling system configuration can be adapted to specific monitoring needs such as multipoint monitoring, redundancy, continuous or time set measuring cycles… When sampling from wet and hot gas, moisture content, condensates and salts are continuously removed by the use of one or several gas dryer(s) (Peltier or Nafion) equipped with built-in safety filter, condensate trap and safety inline particulate filters.

Wether it uses the built-in sampling pump or the pressure from the source, the analyser is designed to work with overpressure. Single gas channel configuration can handle overpressure up 1.8 bar.

MD3 for high moisture content – Waste incinerator, Syngas, Coal Power Stations, Chemical and refinery facilities, (…)

MAMOS-CEMS-MD3-Gas-Dryer

MD2 for low and medium moisture content – Biogas, landfill, odour filtration system, LNG, (…)

Three configurations

Compact – Short-extractive CEMS – Analyser with gas dryer on a common mounting plate, all installed near the measurement place.

MAMOS-CEMS-Compact Version

 

Dimensions (W x H x D) 240 mm x 360 mm x 160 mm
Weight (depends on equipment) 4 kg ÷ 5 kg
Casing’s material ABS
Protection grade IP 20
Mounting plate

dimensions (H x W) | material | weight

596 mm x 450 mm | aluminium | 1.9 kg
Operating conditions T: 10°C ÷ 50°C, RH: 5% ÷ 90% (non-condensing)
Storing temperature 0°C ÷ 55°C
Power consumption (analyser unit only) 30 W max
Data-logger: type | size | number of results SD flash card | max 4GB | practically unlimited
Display: type | parameters Backlit LCD | 20 characters x 4 lines
Gas pump: type | max gas flow | standard gas flow Diaphragm | max 2l/min | 1.5l/min (90l/h)
Maximal extraction point pressure: Atmospheric ±200hPa
Current analogue outputs 4 outputs 0mA ÷ 20mA or 4mA ÷ 20mA
Voltage analogue outputs 4 outputs 0V ÷ 5V or 0V ÷ 10V
Digital inputs 2 inputs, TTL levels, floating = high level
Digital outputs 1 open collector output + 2 SPDT relays (optional)
Computer communication interface B type USB socket

Split /1 dryer – Cold Dry Extractive CEMS – Analyser and gas dryer are installed on separate mounting plates, each equipped with its own power supply module.  The gas dryer is installed near the sampling point therefore the analyser can be located away from the source. Once free from water vapour, the sample can be conveyed on long distances without the need for heated lines.

MAMOS-CEMS-Split Version-2

Split/2 dryers – Cold Dry Extractive CEMS – Compact configuration with an additional gas dryer installed on separate mounting plates, each equipped with its own power supply module. Two dryers in serial for high drying performances suitable for Traces monitoring in wet sample.

MAMOS-CEMS-Split Version

Twin Split – Cold Dry Multipoint CEMS – This version is based on the Twin Split/1 dryer configuration, but uses two MD3 dryer with their own power supply added on  separate mounting plates enabling measurements from two different locations (each dryer is installed near the sampling point). User programmable sampling sequences.
Mamos - Mulitplexed CEMS

 

 

Madur, state-of-the-art monitoring solutions

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1300 850 862

Call us with your application details handy to organise a CEMS demo at your facilities !

AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

Suspended oil online monitoring

aquagas_logo_500px

 

The benefits of accurate suspended oil (oil in water) online monitoring are countless with regards to process and wastewater management, especially in the oil and gas industry. Continuous hydrocarbons monitoring enables complete environmental compliance, detailed process optimisation and reduced operating costs often by the use of a single instrument.

  • Improves systems nominal capacity
  • Ensures safe purge and filtration operations
  • Eliminates manual handling and intermittent attendances
  • Decreases oil losses and hydrocarbons released
  • Prevents bacterial contamination and equipment corrosion
  • ATEX and application specific engineered versions available
  • Maintenance Free, purge time counter and auto-stop function
  • Automated fully programmable system
  • Suitable for all type of Hydrocarbons
  • Intuitive interface through touch screen

Discharge management

OPAL-OIl Pollution Alarm - WQMS

Oil platforms, refineries and Tank farms generate produced water which requires close management. For every country in Oceania, there are regulations setting limits on the amount of hydrocarbons than can be disposed of overboard and a range of different lab techniques that can be used for reporting this amount. The OPAL and PAUTBAC II from SERES IR based analysers can provide continuous measurement of the oil concentrations in the discharge water from oil and gas processing and storage facilities.

Process optimisation


The OPAL and PAUTBAC II from SERES are respectively side stream analyser and oil tank de-watering systems based on IR light scattering. They not only can provide you with extremely accurate monitoring, but also sense for changes in the size of oil droplets and therefore in process conditions. Using the built in IR detector, the OPAL and PAUTBAC II analysers enable early detection of oil traces in all type of water, ensuring fast overview of the process conditions.
As the volume of your discharge water increases, you need a system that will meet your changing demands, work reliably and with minimal operator input required. Having provided hundreds of online monitoring systems worldwide, SERES is the best positioned to assist you along with your water management plan.

Oil Pollution Alarm

Every platform, refineries, industrial process (…) has to recover as much oil as possible, as efficiently as possible. In order to make improvements you need to understand how the current system is working. SERES Environnement manufactures the OPAL (IMO* certified) allowing real-time measurement of oil concentrations at the inlet and outlet of any separator, providing continuous on-line information about the effectiveness of your separators. The OPAL can also trigger a divert valve to route the produced water through a sand filter.

ODME OPAL

The OPAL is the last generation of detector designed for online and Real-time suspended Hydrocarbons monitoring. It uses Infra-Red scattering to enables early detection of oil in any type of water. Reagent’s free, the OPAL represents the most cost effective solution and matches a large range of application requirements.

* IMO International Maritime Organisation

Opal_Chassis_Base_120419

PAUTBAC II

automatic tank dewatering system

The PAUTBAC II is the best suited system to automate water drainage from oil storage tank. With its capacitive probe, it is a flexible, economical and reliable system capable to handle the crucial but time consuming task of oil tank dewatering without the need for human attendance. PAUTBAC II is designed to be install online and is a fully automatic system with adjustable threshold form 5 to 25% and no tank modifications required

 

AQUAGAS - WQMS -PAUTBAC3

A Teflon coated capacitive probe is inserted in an explosion proof circulation chamber mounted in the tank draining pipe work. The probe measures the dielectric constant to detect the interface between oil and water. The control unit processes the probe signal to control the tank purge valve operation.

key facts about automatic dewatering systems

  • Avoid product losses
  • Reducing amount of hydrocarbons discharged on waste water / cost for waste water treatment
  • Increase tanks capacity
  • Prevents tank corrosion
  • Eliminates labour costs dues to manual operation
  • Reduce risk of personal exposures to chemicals

 

PAUTBAC advantages

  • Completely automatic dewatering process
  • No maintenance needed
  • No calibration needed
  • Elimination of tank penetration
  • Easy installation without having to drain tank
  • Highly sensitive and reliable

 

AT THE HEART OF INNOVATION

SERES environnement is continually implicated in the process of technological innovation. “We constantly re-invest in research and development in order to provide our clients with the most advanced technologies. For SERES, the notion of change is a permanent challenge. We work in partnership and collaboration with French and foreign research centres (such as the CNRS – the French National Centre for Scientific Research), Engineering Colleges and Universities.” SERES environnement makes 60% of its turnover on the export market in more than 35 countries with references in the Oil & Gas, Water treatment, Cement and Glass industry, Energy and large manufacturing companies…

SERES Environnement References

 

 

Universal gas sampling system

 

complete gas analysis equipment from one source

Sampling is a key factor to ensure representative analysis and essential to preserve the good status of your monitoring system. AquaGas Monitoring Systems introduces Ankersmid Sampling BVBA (Belgium) stationary sampling equipment designed for Continuous Emission Monitoring (CEMS) and process online analysis.

AquaGas solutions are available as system components for integration into third party systems or as complete turn-key systems. Our systems combine the best technologies available to extract, transfer, and condition samples from stack or crucial process locations prior to analysis.

ACC 400 COMPRESSOR GAS COOLER

Ankersmid Sampling Patented design offers a wide selection of modular options and combinations essential to optimise sampling performances and secure the availability rate of CEMS and process monitoring equipment.

Our adaptative product range is versatile and suits a large variety of applications including:

  • Cement Plant
  • Power Station (Coal fired, Diesel…)
  • Waste Incinerators
  • DeNOx, deSOx and other flue gas treatment process
  • Combustion and Process control
  • Syngas and biogas plant
  • Refineries…

Heated Gas Sample Probes

  • 50°C to 320°C with PID controller or 0-180°C self-limiting heating cartridges
  • High & Low temperature alarm and RS485 ModBus
  • Wide variety of filter materials, length and porosity
  • PTFE demister for wet scrubbers
  • Blowback function for higher dust load up to 10g/Nm3
  • The test gas injection port according to emissions standards (EN14181)
  • Calibration gas feeding via the filter element of the gas sample probe
  • Large selection of heated and unheated sample tubes (incl. ATEX)
  • Easy access to filter, inner stack sample tube, and top-filter
  • Efficient and fast maintenance and routine inspection tasks

Heated Lines

AHL Heatedline-v2

  • 50°C to 200°C Heated Line with PID controller
  • 0-180°C self-limiting heat trace Sample line
  • High & Low temperature alarm and RS485 ModBus
  • Large choice of options and combinations (incl. ATEX)
  • PTFE or SS316 inner tube
  • Multiple inner tubes for calibration, air and sample flows
  • No cold spot
  • Large selection of temperature sensor
  • UV rated PA12 , Polyamide braiding or highly flexible smooth silicon outer jacket
  • Maintenance free and delivered ready for installation

Gas Conditioners

  • 4°C +/-0.1°C dew point stabiliser
  • 19 inch rack  or wall mount units
  • High & Low temperature alarm and RS485 ModBus
  • Large choice of options and combinations (incl. ATEX)
  • Ankersmid Sampling patented NEO® heat exchanger design
  • Multiple stream capabilities
  • PFA® coated gas path and heat exchanger
  • ASS integrated rack mount complete stationary sampling system
  • Low maintenance and reduced operating cost
  • High-performance continuous condensate purge
  • AOX, TUV certified 99% conversion efficiency NOx converter

Gas Sampling Pumps

  • High performance PTFE gas sampling pump
  • 5 to 30 lpm flow range
  • 5 to 240°C operating temperature range
  • Designed for a large range of analytical applications (incl. ATEX)
  • Large choice of options and combinations

Speciality Filters

  • Universal all purposes filters
  • Deep acting particulate filters
  • Calibration gas humidifiers
  • Scrubbers and adsorption material
  • Liquid stop, condensate drain…
  • Built-in liquid alarm sensor, condensate purge, heater…

Ankersmid Sampling

  • Universal

    CEMS integration made easy

  • Performant

    Field proven, high quality, durable Ankersmid Sampling BVBA patented designs

  • Modular

    Comprehensive range of gas sampling equipment from one source

  • Efficient

    Easy to install, maintain and operate

AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

Continuous IR laser spectroscopy

Applications and References

The ProCeas® and the LaserCEM® are based on the OFCEAS* measuring principle combined with a Low Pressure Sampling LPS (100 mbar absolute) developed and patented worldwide by AP2E (France), for the online analysis of several key gases in industrial, environmental and OH&S applications. It provides measurements with a very high spectral resolution in addition to an exclusive and powerful sampling method (no heated line nor treatment of samples) and an interference-free, fast and sensitive analysis, regardless of the matrix of the gas to be analysed.

 

Combustion cycle in refineries

oil-gas-industry_01

 

References: EXXON (optimising combustion in boilers), Fives PILLARD (optimisation tool for the production and the adjustment of burners for boilers).

With the environmental constraints, Oil companies are looking for optimum energy and environmental efficiency of their burners. Combined cycles boilers optimisation requires accurate simultaneous online monitoring of O2 and CO to ensure both compliance with standards and process control efficiency. The ProCeas, used to track real time the residual rate of O2 (less than 3%), ensures optimal combustion process automation. The accuracy of the measurement is a financial matter: according to the thermal performance of the burner, even a reduction of 0.1% of oxygen in excess represents millions of dollars of savings in the annual consumption of fuel.

CEMS in coal fired power station

shutterstock_132177536

Reference: IBIDEN Power Station – Simultaneous SO2/SO3 monitoring at the catalyst outlet according to the oxygen content variation have been done with the ProCeas® analyser.

SOx monitoring

SO2/SO3: AP2E also intends to enhance the approach aimed at combining environmental compliance and process optimisation, even if this seems less obvious to understand at first sight. If today SO2 is correctly measured, this does not fully reflect the sulphur emissions from combustion units subject to this requirement. In the presence of oxygen, SO2 does in effect form sulphur trioxide (SO3), a gas that is much more corrosive than SO2.

LaserCEM

Other chemical phenomena occur, particularly in denitrification (DeNOx), which in the presence of ammonia may lead both to an over-consumption of ammonia and to filter blockages. Therefore, not measuring SO3 entails the under estimation of sulphur emissions, and also additional maintenance costs and over-consumption of reagents. To have continuous and precise knowledge of the SO2 / SO3 couple enables the operator to choose the controlling conditions for limiting the formation of SO3 and its indirect costs.

Biogas

biogas

References: SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Rhodia (France). VEOLIA for its Centre de Recherche Energie Environnement Déchet (CREED, Centre for research on energy, environment, and waste).

The processing of gases from biomass (biogas, bio-methane) remains a key step in industrial processes for producing various types of bio-energy, a manufacturing process that requires optimizing.

It is therefore imperative to have the ability to calculate the calorific value of these new gases and to be able to quantify the impurities present there, in order to reduce the risk of damage to facilities, to react quickly in case of malfunction, and to certify the quality of finished products. AP2E has installed several equipment units within the facilities of various players of the world of biogas around the world. The purpose is to analyse the CH4 and CO2 content, as well as the residual concentration of H2S. This is a major impurity which transforms into sulphuric acid in the presence of some moisture. It is a very corrosive acid; consequently it is destructive for the facilities and the engines that burn biogas or bio methane.

The ability to analyse in the same multiplexing equipment the H2S content (which varies according to the time of day) of the “raw biogas” at the exit of the casing serves to determine the use of this biogas and assess its composition and quality. Other compounds may also be monitored by adding specific laser sources, such as the water content, in order to control the efficiency of the condenser. AP2E is also currently studying the analysis of siloxane, another sore point for energy recovery.

Using a continuous analyser as a means of industrial control and economic optimization of production units is for the control of biogas quality. During the combined cycles of biogas generation, the absence of H2S is crucial. It is a major impurity and a source of engine breakage. However, conventional means of analysis have trouble distinguishing CH4 from H2S. Therefore, operators are forced to adopt an excessively prudent approach in the treatment stage with active carbon: it is changed even before it is totally saturated. With a continuous, accurate, and reliable analysis of the level of H2S in the exit of the adsorption bed, we can instead use it until its saturation point and reduce overall costs.

Tests conducted on a site with a valuation of 1 MW showed that the amortization of the analyser could be performed based on this single criterion of active coal consumption in less than a year. Indeed the cost of a monthly activated carbon charge is equivalent to AUD $65,000.

 

Indoor air quality

Fgas monitoring system

References: In 2010, AP2E won an important contract with the DCNS for air quality control equipment for the confined interiors of submarines (on-board crew safety).

In April 2015, European regulations included formaldehyde as a proven carcinogenic product (CMR). In 2014, the ProCeas was certified approved method by EXERA (measurement, control, and automation equipment) and the LNE (National laboratory of metrology and testing).

AP2E is already working in the confined air field (submarines) and is interested in the building sector.  This new classification impacts devices monitoring the exposure to workers or to the public of formaldehyde, Freon, Ethanol… present in the indoor air of industrial sites or sites hosting the public. The ProCeas® Formaldehyde continuously measures these changes with a minimum 10 ppm threshold (maximum 1%).

Food processing industry

The drying field is another good example of application where energy efficiency has to be kept in mind, especially when processing food powders. Water monitoring is useful for avoiding excessive energy consumption (adjust dryer load to obtain minimise the residual H2O content). Online monitoring of carbon monoxide (CO) answers safety concerns. When food powders are dehydrated, the conditions may be such that CO is generated in the dehydrator. Once conditions for generating CO are present, CO tends to increase its concentration very quickly. To keep the CO below potentially dangerous level, it is necessary to detect the first signs of CO which appear above the levels already present in the atmosphere. The ProCeas is actually in operation within ten drying towers in dry food production facilities and has been chosen as the most reliable monitoring equipment by companies leading food processing industry.

Engine emissions testing

The automobile engines sector also remains a major target. With the arrival of the new EURO VI standards since September 2014, manufacturers have been forced to measure many pollutants (NO, NO2, N2O, NH3, CO2, CH4, and ethanol).

ProCeas

Successful testing with ProCeas® was conducted around the world:

– NH3 at Renault and VOLVO (France)

– N2O at Volkswagen (Germany)

– NH3 at General Motors (USA)

– NH3, N2O, NO, NO2 at Sensor Inc. (USA)

In the USA with Sensors Inc. – (www.sensors-inc.com): in May 2012, AP2E signed a contract for supplying ProCeas® analysers for the real-time control of gas emissions of engine test benches in the automotive industry. Sensors Inc. is the leading American manufacturer of real-time testing equipment for gas emissions in the transportation industry. The new range of measuring instruments is marketed in the US under the name of SEMTECH LASAR and it consists of four modules (NH3, N2O, NO, and NO2), each capable of analysing three gases simultaneously.

Natural gas

To be used in the best conditions, so that it limits damage and maintenance of equipment, natural gas must be rid of impurities, especially hydrogen sulphide (H2S), which is very corrosive, and all traces of moisture. Current filtration systems run against, among other things, the problem of measuring residual traces of these impurities because no reliable continuous analysis system was available so far. Today the main players in the “Oil & Gas” market deem the ProCeas® as the most efficient natural gas analyser for continuously and simultaneously measuring traces of H2S (LoD under 50 ppb) and H2O (under 50 ppm), without interference, without any dependence vis-à-vis the constitution of the gas, and with response times under a few seconds

Pure Gas

Pure gases online analysis

 

The ProCeas® is used by pure gases manufacturers to control the purity of the gas along production line (N2, H2, O2…).

Syngas

ProCeas H2O CO O2

References: Total, CEA Grenoble, IFP (French Petroleum Institute), GDF Suez, VEOLIA (CREED), Arkema

H2O, CO, CO2, and H2 rates

Praxair uses the ProCeas® as an online analyser of H2O, CO, CO2, and H2 rates, in a process for producing syngas from the gasification of coal, oil residue, pet coke, and biomass. This syngas is then used either as a source of energy in a heat and electricity combined cycle process or in a Fischer Tropsch process for producing second-generation bio-fuel. This process requires that the residual H2S generated by gasification have a value of less than 1 ppm to avoid the destruction of the polymerization catalysts.

CO, CO2, H2O, CH4, H2S, NH3 and H2

Midrex is a steel manufacturer that uses a gasification process similar to Praxair’s in order to cogenerate the electricity and heat needed in the manufacture of its steel. AP2E delivered to Midrex complete solutions that have enabled it on the one hand to measure the calorific value of these synthetic gases (by measuring CO, CO2, H2O, CH4, and H2) and also the presence of impurities such as H2S and NH3.

H2, H2O and Cl2

Today, the ProCeas® provides what no other infra-red laser technique could: the direct measurement of hydrogen (H2) and water (H2O) in chlorine (Cl2) without reagents or discharges, and interference-free. The ProCeas® performs measurements with a very high spectral resolution of very low concentrations (under a few ppm), with response times under a few seconds. This analyser also provides a control of the drying (H2O) in a chemical process at Arkema.

*Optical Feedback Cavity Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy: technology developed and patented by the University Joseph Fourier (France), coupled to a Low Pressure Sampling(100 mbar absolute) developed and patented worldwide by AP2E, for the on-line analysis of different gases. By the end of 2010, after two years of R & D studies, the AP2E ProCeas®was the award recipient of the USA “R & D 100” which rewards the 100 most innovative global technologies of the year.


AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

OFCEAS & Low Pressure Sampling

Continuous Emissions Monitoring and Process Control

Starting in 2012, AP2E launched the industrialisation of the ProCeas® and LaserCEM® product range, the continuous and multigas analysers using OFCEAS* patented laser spectrometry. This analyser range is based on several innovations, providing very high performance in terms of response time (less than a few seconds) and great accuracy of the analyses (wide dynamic range from ppb to %):

OFCEAS, CONTINUOUS INFRA-RED LASER SPECTROSCOPY TECHNOLOGY

The ProCeas® and the LaserCEM® are based on the OFCEAS coupled to a Low Pressure Sampling LPS (100 mbar absolute) developed and patented worldwide by AP2E (France), for the online analysis of several key gases in industrial, environmental and OH&S applications. It provides measurements with a very high spectral resolution in addition to an analysis system with a simplified sampling (no heated line nor treatment of samples) and an interference-free, fast and sensitive analysis, regardless of the matrix of the gas to be analysed.

ProCeas

The OFCEAS technology essentially differs from the CRDS (Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy or Spectroscopy by resonance damping time) technology by its feedback principle: a part of the emitted radiation is returned from the chamber to the laser, enabling the tuning of the laser and the cavity resulting a resonance phenomenon. With a volume of only 15 cm3, the measuring cavity or cell is equipped with mirrors whose reflectivity exceeds 99.99%, providing an optical path between 1 and 10 km (approx. 10 meters in conventional technologies). The immediate consequence of this phenomenon is the identification of very intense absorption peaks with a very narrow spectral width. Given that the source used is a continuous laser, the system presents very high measurement stability: there is no zero drift and no need for new calibrations.

LOW-PRESSURE SAMPLING SYSTEM

The Low Pressure Sampling (LPS) System allows reducing the sample dew point (vapour pressure) to prevent the risk of condensation. The sampling method is achieved by the use of a sonic nozzle which allows reducing the sampling pressure down to 100 mbar. In these conditions the ambient temperature is almost always above the dew point eliminating the risk of condensation.

r4

  • No Sample heated line required to eliminate condensation: low power consumption, no related ongoing maintenance
  • True Direct Extractive CEMS/Process analyser (no dryer or scrubber)
  • No risk of absorption/desorption typical of high SO2/SO3 application
  • Low pressure accentuate the gas finger print
  • Cost effective multipoint monitoring
  • Standard system comply with ATEX standards

The integrity of the sample is therefore ensured. The very low airflow ensures a verylow response time and a minimal contamination of the system.

OFCEAS Detection limits

All these points enable to both increase the detection sensitivity and  simultaneously reduce the noise, which permits the detection of gases at very low levels of sensitivity (traces of H2S – LOD under 50 ppb, or traces of H2O – under 1 ppm).

ProCeas

Complete pre-calibrated multicomponent (H2S, CO, CO2, H2, H2O, HCl, HCN, HF, N2O, NH3, O2 and CH4) laser Infrared Spectrometer designed for online monitoring of combustion process, natural gas (LNG), pure gas (trace) and ambient air (trace).

 

LaserCEM

The LaserCEM is a complete pre-calibrated multi-component (NO, NO2, NOx, SO2, CO, HCl, CO2, H2O, H2S, NH3, N2O, COS, SO3, CH4, HF) laser Infrared Spectrometer designed for Continuous Emissions Monitoring and compliant to standard EN 15267-3 : 2008 and QAL 1 de EN 14181 . With the announcement of the continuous measurement of SO3 (sulphur trioxide) at the exit of combustion units, AP2E represents the link from an industrial point of view between regulatory measurements (EMC) and optimizing production processes. If SO2 is now properly measured, it does not fully reflect the sulphur emissions from combustion units subject to this requirement. In the presence of oxygen, SO2 does in effect form sulphur trioxide (SO3), a gas that is much more corrosive than SO2. And other chemical phenomena occur, particularly in de-nitrification (DeNOx), which in the presence of ammonia may lead both to an over-consumption of ammonia and to filter blockages. Not measuring SO3 entails the under estimation of sulphur emissions, and also additional maintenance costs and over-consumption of reagents. To have continuous and precise knowledge of the SO2 / SO3 couple enables the operator to choose the controlling conditions for limiting the formation of SO3 and its indirect costs.

*Optical Feedback Cavity Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy: technology developed and patented by the University Joseph Fourier (France), coupled to a Low Pressure Sampling (100 mbar absolute) developed and patented worldwide by AP2E, for the on-line analysis of different gases. By the end of 2010, after two years of R & D studies, the AP2E ProCeas® was the award recipient of the USA “R & D 100” which rewards the 100 most innovative global technologies of the year.

 


AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

 

Process monitoring in biogas plants

Why is process monitoring necessary?

Biogas plants are biological systems involving various interacting micro-organisms that anaerobically degrade organic matter. The main product is biogas, a gas rich in methane (CH4) that can be used as a renewable fuel for vehicles or to generate heat or electricity for local use or for use via energy distribution grids.

The degradation involves four consecutive biological processes: hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis and methanogenesis.

 

Wasistbiogas

If one of these processes is negatively affected in any way there is an immediate influence on the other processes and the biogas plant can become unstable. Typical process failures include, among others, organic overload, hydraulic overload and ammonia inhibition. Process monitoring can help to understand what happens in a biogas plant and help to maintain a stable process. In many cases, a strongly inhibited micro-organism population or a total crash of the whole plant can have severe financial consequences for the biogas plant operator.

In general, process monitoring in anaerobic or other fermentation processes can help to:

  • Give an overall picture of the biogas process
  • Identify upcoming instabilities in anaerobic digester before a crash happens
  • Accompany a successful start-up or re-start of a plant

The costs of online monitoring are often much lower than the costs and lost revenue associated with re-establishing a biologically destabilised plant.

For example, if a biogas plant has totally crashed it may have to be emptied and filled again with new inoculum. This, together with the necessary start-up period, means that several months can be lost during which the plant could have operated at full load. The financial consequences can be devastating for the plant operator.

Key parameters in Biogas monitoring

Biogas plant

In biotechnological processes, the detailed monitoring of the fermentation product, in this case biogas, provides valuable information. Therefore, it is recommended to monitor both the volume of gas produced and the gas composition. With regard to process monitoring, a change in either gas production or gas composition can be an indicator of process imbalance.

Biogas primary constituents

  • CH4 and H2S measured during the methanation process give a good overall view of the performance of the degradation process and bacterial activity. A decrease in methane content can be a first sign of organic overload, provided that the feedstock mix has not recently changed. Similarly, a sudden increase in H2S can provoke process instability.
  • Simultaneous real-time monitoring of CH4, H2S and CO2 empower process automation (i.e. operation of scrubbers)
  • Before entering the distribution chain, the product must be qualified, again for economic reasons (excess H2S and/or CO2 in the CH4 would make it ‘sour’ and potentially corrosive enough to damage distribution infrastructure)
  • CH4, H2S, CO, CO2 and O2 Continuous Stack Emissions Monitoring required for environmental compliance

 

PROCEAS

Stationary Biogas Monitoring Systemslogo-ap2e

In general, a large variety of devices can be applied for measuring biogas production but in practice, as biogas is of variable gas composition, dirty, corrosive, wet, and produced at low pressure, measuring biogas volume and composition accurately is one of the most challenging parameters at a biogas plant. In the long run not properly designed systems can pose considerable problems due to corrosion, fouling or general deterioration when measuring raw biogas.

AquaGas Pty Ltd introduces the OFCEAS technology and Proceas BioGas analyser  designed by AP2e to address the analytical (online monitoring of biogas primary constituents) and operational (zero drift, minimum maintenance, no consumable, autonomous operation) biogas plants and methanation process monitoring requirements.

AP2e ProCeas BioGas

 

The ProCeas BioGas analyser features two patented technologies:

  • The OFCEAS IR Laser technology for enhanced specificity, selectivity, accuracy and stability (no instrumental response drift.):  The OFCEAS is a self-referencing spectrometer. This means that there is no need to re-analyse a zero and/or a span gas on a regular basis. The “zero” information is contained in the direct measurement spectrum while the “span” information is intrinsic to the analyser (pre-calibrated with 4 OD linear response).

OFCEAS - ProCeas BioGas

  •  The Low Pressure Sampling (LPS) system enabling low-cost installation thank to non-heated lines and reduced maintenance. Lowering the pressure of a gas sample reduces the bandwidth of the absorbance bands. At atmospheric pressure, simultaneous measurement of H2S (ppm’s) in presence of CO2 (10’s %), CH4 (10’s %) can be tainted by cross response / false positive due to spectral overlapping of CO2 and CH4 bands with H2S  information.  If operating at 100 mbar, all absorption bands have narrowed down to the point where there is no spectral overlap of the absorption bands. Cross response have been eliminated. 

OFCEAS Detection limits

When sampling gas from landfill, anaerobic digestion/bacteria and other fermentation processes, the use of a dedicated sampling system is necessary to ensure a specific sample preparation and to preserve your monitoring equipment. Another advantage of the LPS System is the ability to reduce the sample dew point (vapour pressure) to prevent the risk of condensation. The sample extraction is achieved by the use of a sonic nozzle. The sample is taken at a very low pressure (50 to 200 mbar abs, 100mbar nominal). At 100 mbar abs. the ambient temperature is almost always above the dew point eliminating the risk of condensation.

LPS biogas sampling probe

  • No heated line required to eliminate condensation: low power consumption, no related ongoing maintenance
  • Sample does not need to be treated – True Direct Extractive CEMS and Process analyser
  • No risk of absorption/desorption

The ProCeas offers sampling solutions tailored to the needs of the biogas production industry with automated sampling sequences and multipoint monitoring enabling fast, accurate and detailed analysis at various location with a single instrument: Raw biogas (1), processed biomethane (2), vented biogas (3) and stack emissions (4).

 

AP2e ProCeas multistreams

 

The Proceas Biogas Monitoring System is a cost effective online monitoring solution offering application specific features including:

  • Field proven technologies in the Biogas production industry
  • Simultaneous measurement of all primary constituents of Biogas
  • Fully automated standalone system (automatic calibration and sampling sequences)
  • Low Pressure Sampling (no sample condensation)
  • Deep particulate filtration
  • PFA and PTFE gas path (essential to avoid loss of components of interest)
  • Fast, accurate and reliable online analysis
  • No drift or deviation therefore minimal calibration requirements
  • Low-maintenance and user friendly system
  • Site specific sampling solutions

ProCeas Layout

The ProCeas analysers are manufactured and pre-calibrated by AP2e in France. The systems are built, integrated and tested in Australia by AquaGas. Standard systems are delivered fully integrated in a 19 inch rack suitable for installation in industrial settings (indoor 15-35C). For installation in hazardous area the BioGas Monitoring System is available in ATEX certified version.


 

ABYSS

Portable Biogas Analyser

Ankersmid Sampling

 

Short term measurement during start up conditions

The start-up of a biogas plant is a very sensitive process. Due to slow multiplication of some of the micro-organisms involved in anaerobic sludge and the consequent risk of hydraulic overload, the start-up of a biogas plant can take much longer than in other biotechnological processes. A start-up time of 1-2 months is nothing exceptional in biogas plants.

Therefore, the effort in process monitoring has to be highest during start-up. If the start-up is too fast, a sub-optimal biogas process can be the consequence because the most favourable micro-organisms have not multiplied in the biogas plant. In contrast, a slow start-up can cause a possible loss of income as time is taken to reach full load capacity. The frequency of the measurements should be increased during this crucial process steps.

Poster Process Monitoring in Biogas Plants-v1

The  ANKERSMID Portable Biogas Analyser is especially designed so that detailed gas analysis can be carried out at any time in any place. The entire gas conditioning system is housed in a compact and robust carrying case which ensures that the components can be removed easily and gas analysis performed in an efficient manner: quickly, safely and with a  minimum maintenance. This system ensures reliable sample preparation without loss and prevents damage on the  analysis system used downstream.

portable emissions measurement system-probe

The ABYSS Portable Biogas Analyser uses a dual beam Infra-red cell highly resistant to corrosive flue gases and harsh environments of operation.  Its light weight rugged enclosure fitted LCD screen, safety filter and Quick Connect fittings enables efficient short term measurement of emissions and process gas in waste recycling facilities, industrial fermentation plants and associated odour filtration systems.


AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.