TOPAZ Cerium – Rare Earth

Rare Earth

rare earth element (REE) or rare earth metal (REM) is one of a set of seventeen chemical elements in the periodic table, specifically the fifteen lanthanides, as well as scandium and yttrium. Scandium and yttrium are considered rare-earth elements because they tend to occur in the same ore deposits as the lanthanides and exhibit similar chemical properties.

Despite their name, rare-earth elements are relatively plentiful in Earth’s crust, with cerium being the 25th most abundant element at 68 parts per million, more abundant than copper. They are not especially rare, but they tend to occur together in nature and are difficult to separate from one another. However, because of their geochemical properties, rare-earth elements are typically dispersed and not often found concentrated as rare-earth minerals in economically exploitable ore deposits.

Uses of Rare Earth ElementsRare earth metals and alloys that contain them are used in many devices that people use every day such as computer memory, DVDs, rechargeable batteries, cell phones, catalytic converters, magnets, fluorescent lighting and much more.

Most of us use rare earth elements every day – without knowing it. These little-known and fascinating elements make modern electronics possible.

Mining Rare Earth

Rare Earth Minerals Processing. There are two major REE ore minerals from which predominantly LREE can be extracted with relative ease: bastnaesite and monazite. Bastnaesite, a fluorocarbonate mineral and monazite, a phosphate, contain predominantly either cerium, lanthanum or yttrium.

The run of mine material is passed through a cascade of physical processing steps including crushing, screening, grinding and flotation finally producing a bastnaesite pre-concentrate from which products with different REO contents are derived in subsequent thermal and chemical processing steps.  The REE mineral concentrate is digested in hydrochloric acid and the resulting REE laden liquor is passed through a sequence of solvent extraction with several mixer-settler steps. Final products of this element-selective extraction processes are either separated REO or other products following customer requirements.

Online Monitoring in Rare Earth Minerals Processing

The TOPAZ Rare Earth fulfils the requirements of the REE mining industry with the measurements of three key compounds:

Rare earths analyser

The online analysis of REE in condensate water, cooling tower and discharge water enables early leak detection along the mining process. Contaminated cooling water and condensate must be diverted and treated in WTP prior to be discharged. The TOPAZ Rare Earth from SERES Environment is specifically designed for to meet the REE industries in terms of environmental compliance and Process control.

Ammonium Bicarbonate analyser

Ammonium bicarbonate is used to precipitate the solution of cerium 4, the title of this solution, principally made from NH4 and CO2, determines the quality of the precipitate.  Accurate and fast monitoring of Ammonium Bicarbonate enables automated plant operations and optimal dosing.

Cerium analyser

Measurement of cerium 3 in cerium 4 for quality control and product categorisation depending on the specifications of the finished product.

AT THE HEART OF INNOVATION

SERES environnement is continually implicated in the process of technological innovation. “We constantly re-invest in research and development in order to provide our clients with the most advanced technologies. For SERES, the notion of change is a permanent challenge. We work in partnership and collaboration with French and foreign research centres (such as the CNRS – the French National Centre for Scientific Research), Engineering Colleges and Universities.” SERES environnement makes 60% of its turnover on the export market in more than 35 countries with references in the Oil & Gas, Water treatment, Cement and Glass industry, Energy and large manufacturing companies…

SERES Environnement References

 


AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

Integrated Systems and Customised Services

For better environmental performances.

  • ONLINE WATER ANALYSERS

    Ammonium, Free or Total Chlorine, Hydrazine, Morphine, Phenol, Sulfates, Colour, Silica, Phosphates (Orthophosphates), Hardness, Aluminium, Chromium VI, Iron, Nickel, Lead, Zinc, TH, Alkalinity, Chlorides, Cyanides, Fluorides, Peracetic acid VFA, CaM…

    SERES® online water quality analyser offers multiple sensor and method configurations. Here are the typical  measuring parameter calibrated on the TOPAZ unit. For other parameters or different measuring ranges (MR), please consult us.

  • EMISSIONS AND PROCESS GAS ANALYSERS

    NO, NO2, NOx, SO2, CO, HCl, CO2, H2O, H2S, NH3, N2O, COS, SO3, CH4, HF, HCN, H2…
    Our strong partnerships implemented with world leading CEMS and Process gas analyser manufacturers as well as local distributors,  provide AquaGas with an extensive range of technologies, diverse measuring principle and sampling methods to design and build cost effective, versatile and high performance systems composed of instruments specifically selected  in consideration of the applications.

  • DATA ACQUISITION AND REPORTING SOFTWARE

    Data Aquisition Software (CDAS) is a fully MCERTS accredited (parts A, B, C1 & C2) real time data acquisition software – now available for touch screens and windows 10. CDAS is customisable and flexible, allowing it to collect raw data from a range of instruments for CEMS

  • ISOKINETIC SAMPLING CONSOLE

    Isokinetic sampler developed for short to medium term emissions monitoring, fulfilling all the requirements of the dioxins and persistent organic compounds (POPs), PCBs, metals, HCB and fine dust measurement standard within the same sampling train

  • PORTABLE GAS ANALYSERS

    O2, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, SO2, H2S, H2, CL2, N2O and VOCs

    Professional flue gas analyser combining high quality of sample conditioning with great measurement accuracy for continuous emissions monitoring or online process measurement of up to 9 gases simultaneously.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING

AquaGas Pty Ltd – Enews – Projects

AquaGas Pty Ltd is proud to advertise the acquisition of several projects within the field of Emissions Monitoring (CEMS) and Water Quality (WQMS)

These new projects provide AquaGas with solid references for applications where accurate and reliable online analysis are fundamental in terms of environmental compliance and process automation.

Here is our pick

Three Water Quality Monitoring Stations

For Sydney’s greater remediation project

After having successfully completed the commissioning of the first set of systems supplied (Four CEMS NMHC), our client, South Pacific market leader for the containment and filtration of hydrocarbons (sheen, gasoline, diesel and oils), entrusted AquaGas Pty Ltd with the supply, installation and commissioning of three water quality monitoring stations for their Wastewater Treatment Plant.

Tank Headspace Monitoring Systems

for the Oil and Gas industry

A complete tank headspace gas monitoring system supplied to the Australian leading company in wastewater treatment. The AquaGas THMS is designed to be  integrated to the mainstream of the existing installation in order to enhance the management of wastewater. The THMS is used to alternatively measure the gas composition of two wastewater storage tank headspaces from our client main plant in Sydney.

CEM and Process Analysers

in Biogas Plant

Two Biogas Monitoring Systems for H2S, O2 and CH4 online analysis at a biogas plant in Victoria. Our client, operator of 14 wastewater treatment plants and two ocean outfalls across Victoria, has selected the Mamos Biogas Analyser for its performances and reliability. The Mamos is specifically designed for online analysis of biogas primary constituents into process gas and emissions.

Sterilant Gas

in manufacturing industry

The Australia’s leading manufacturers of disinfectants for healthcare, floor maintenance and industrial cleaning products has chosen the SafeCide™ for real-time measurement of Peracetic Acid PAA concentrations in parts per million (PPM) at their main production facilities in in the Hunter Region of New South Wales. The SafeCide™ gives employees peace of mind they are safe while minimizing disruptions to production related operations. SafeCide provides fast, accurate, real-time measurements of chemical vapor – giving you the ability to prevent or address concerns in real-time.

Complete Gas Detection and Monitoring Solutions

For Worker Safety, Quality, and Productivity

 

AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

  • ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING
  • ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING
  • ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING
  • ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING

Tank Headspace Monitoring Systems – THMS

Applications

in the Oil and Gas industry.

Water treatment plant in refineries and other oil and gas processes requires the use of tank for storage purposes and as part of the wastewater management plan. The composition of the air confined in the tank headspace provides a good indication of the level of contamination in the wastewater influents. Monitoring gas in tank headspaces also becomes mandatory when it comes to managing oils contaminated water. Explosion risks but also the corrosion and degradation factor are controlled with the blanketing whose automation can largely be optimised by the online measurement of gas concentrations in the headspace. Moreover there is a large number of compounds that will  adduce plant operators detailed information with regards to filtration and decantation processes.

Tank Blanketing Automation

Tank blanketing is the process of filling the headspace in storage vessels and reactors with an inert gas, usually to protect its contents from exploding, degrade but also to protect equipment from corrosion. As oxygen and moisture in the air can be undesired in numerous processes and applications, blanketing is done in a wide range of industries, varying from petrochemicals to food and beverage, pharmaceutical to pure water. Inerting is done for similar reasons but is not limited to storage tanks and reactors only. Any confined space can be sparged with an inert gas to create the desired atmosphere. This ranges from packing food under protective atmosphere to increase shelf life to lowering the oxygen concentration in rooms where welding takes place to reduce risk of fire.

Risks Management

Wrongly engineered or poorly maintained blanketing systems may lead to serious incidents, degraded plant operations and pollution events. A malfunctioning may cause the tank to implode or causes the leaking of air into the tank, which, as mentioned, can have consequences with regard to product quality and, depending on the stored product, can seriously increase risk of explosion.

One way to increase safety and reduce the use of blanketing gas (nitrogen, air…) simultaneously is to control inertisation as a function of gas concentration in the headspace. Depending on the product and the reason for blanketing and inerting, there are tolerances when it comes down to the maximum allowable oxygen, VOCs or other combustibles concentration. Certain monomers require zero percent oxygen to prevent polymerization. Others require a small amount of oxygen for the same reason. In the case of explosion protection, the oxygen concentration does not necessarily need to be zero. In fact for all solvents a so called limiting oxygen concentration exists. Below this concentration there is no risk of explosion. It is obvious that controlling the tank headspace purge based on the concentration will seriously cut nitrogen or other blanketing gas costs. Furthermore the measurement of gas concentrations in the tank headspace provides an important safety parameter.   Thresholds such as Limiting Oxygen Concentration (LOC), Maximum Oxygen Concentration (MOC), Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) indicate application and gas specific limits in terms of concentration.

For example, two threshold values are established for the oxygen concentration in the tank headspace, well below the Limiting Oxygen Concentration; the Lower Intervention Level and the Upper Intervention Level. These two threshold values are the set-points that control the purging sequences. The moment the oxygen concentration reaches the Lower Intervention Limit, the nitrogen flow is intermittent. Purging of the vessel is resumed when the upper intervention limit is exceeded. This means that the inerting system keeps the consumption of nitrogen minimal while safe operation is ensured.

Analyser solutions

Depending on individual process conditions and solvent; O2, H2O and LEL are usually the main parameters of interest. However when odour control is implemented NH3, H2S and VOCs can be added to the monitored parameters.

To meet the needs of the waste recycling facilities, AquaGas offers a unique fully automatic solution for realtime measurement of gas concentrations in Tank Headspaces. AquaGas THMS features the association of a MAMOS multigas analyser fitted with a combination of 9 gas proprietary measuring cells with a field proven, robust and dedicated Exproof sampling train. The system can be multiplexed for controlling up to 4 tank headspaces. Both the gas sampling probe located at the top of the tank and the sample line are temperature controlled above the gas dew point. Depending on the application, the gas can also be fitted with the optional backflush, temperature sensor, insitu filter… The onboard PLC offers a large panel of IOs as required to handle blanketing regulator, breathing valve, safety relief valve…

The THMS is integrated in Australia by AquaGas for continuous and simultaneous measurement of VOC, NH3, CO, CO2, LEL, CxHy, H2S and O2 inside tank headspaces.

Advantages of AquaGas THMS

The AquaGas THMS is a cost efficient and safe solution available in a compact wall mount IP56 enclosure that totally eliminates the need for multiple sensors and probes. The sampling probe can be mounted directly into the vessel or blanketing gas discharge piping and is rated for high dust, moisture or solvents loads. A retractable filter assembly allows cleaning of the sampling probe without the need for dismounting the probe from its matching flange. Zero calibration is performed automatically on a daily basis while span gas calibration is only required quarterly. In very critical applications, the system can be equipped with redundant probes and or sensors for additional safety and self check purposes. Compared to traditional analyser technology, the AquaGas THMS is available at only a fraction of the costs. The most valued perceived benefit however is the significant increase of safety, enormous savings on tank maintenance as well as the optimised process operations.

aquagas_logo_500px

Integrated Systems and Customised Services

For better environmental performances.

  • ONLINE WATER ANALYSERS

    Ammonium, Free or Total Chlorine, Hydrazine, Morphine, Phenol, Sulfates, Colour, Silica, Phosphates (Orthophosphates), Hardness, Aluminium, Chromium VI, Iron, Nickel, Lead, Zinc, TH, Alkalinity, Chlorides, Cyanides, Fluorides, Peracetic acid VFA, CaM…

    SERES® online water quality analyser offers multiple sensor and method configurations. Here are the typical  measuring parameter calibrated on the TOPAZ unit. For other parameters or different measuring ranges (MR), please consult us.

  • EMISSIONS AND PROCESS GAS ANALYSERS

    NO, NO2, NOx, SO2, CO, HCl, CO2, H2O, H2S, NH3, N2O, COS, SO3, CH4, HF, HCN, H2…
    Our strong partnerships implemented with world leading CEMS and Process gas analyser manufacturers as well as local distributors,  provide AquaGas with an extensive range of technologies, diverse measuring principle and sampling methods to design and build cost effective, versatile and high performance systems composed of instruments specifically selected  in consideration of the applications.

  • DATA ACQUISITION AND REPORTING SOFTWARE

    Data Aquisition Software (CDAS) is a fully MCERTS accredited (parts A, B, C1 & C2) real time data acquisition software – now available for touch screens and windows 10. CDAS is customisable and flexible, allowing it to collect raw data from a range of instruments for CEMS

  • ISOKINETIC SAMPLING CONSOLE

    Isokinetic sampler developed for short to medium term emissions monitoring, fulfilling all the requirements of the dioxins and persistent organic compounds (POPs), PCBs, metals, HCB and fine dust measurement standard within the same sampling train

  • PORTABLE GAS ANALYSERS

    O2, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, SO2, H2S, H2, CL2, N2O and VOCs

    Professional flue gas analyser combining high quality of sample conditioning with great measurement accuracy for continuous emissions monitoring or online process measurement of up to 9 gases simultaneously.

Wastewater Online Analysers

Three Water Quality Monitoring Stations

For Sydney’s greater remediation project

After having successfully completed the commissioning of the first set of systems supplied (Four CEMS NMHC), our client, South Pacific market leader for the containment and filtration of hydrocarbons (sheen, gasoline, diesel and oils), entrusted AquaGas Pty Ltd with the supply, installation and commissioning of three water quality monitoring stations for their Wastewater Treatment Plant.

Two of the three stations are designed for raw water (elevated contamination load and complex sample matrix) and provide plant operators with fast and accurate NTU, NH4+, TOC and EC online monitoring. Crucial to the plant operations, the TOPAZ NH4+ analyser from SERES features fast loop and tangential filtration, as well as automatic cell cleaning sequences associated with an enhanced ISE analytical method. TOC and  NTU are measured by spectrometry.

The third station featuring state of the art TOC Evolution, Online Photometer TOPAZ for NH4+ and Turbilight II Nephelometer (NTU) from SERES enables monitoring ultra low level of TOC, NH4+, NTU and EC at the site discharge point.

We are delighted to play a role even more significant  in this project which give us the opportunity to confirm AquaGas Pty Ltd commitment to provide turnkey monitoring solutions tailored to today’s industrial needs.

NTU, NH4+, TOC and EC online monitoring

in wastewater

aquagas_logo_500px

Integrated Systems and Customised Services

For better environmental performances.

  • ONLINE WATER ANALYSERS

    Ammonium, Free or Total Chlorine, Hydrazine, Morphine, Phenol, Sulfates, Colour, Silica, Phosphates (Orthophosphates), Hardness, Aluminium, Chromium VI, Iron, Nickel, Lead, Zinc, TH, Alkalinity, Chlorides, Cyanides, Fluorides, Peracetic acid VFA, CaM…

    SERES® online water quality analyser offers multiple sensor and method configurations. Here are the typical  measuring parameter calibrated on the TOPAZ unit. For other parameters or different measuring ranges (MR), please consult us.

  • EMISSIONS AND PROCESS GAS ANALYSERS

    NO, NO2, NOx, SO2, CO, HCl, CO2, H2O, H2S, NH3, N2O, COS, SO3, CH4, HF, HCN, H2…
    Our strong partnerships implemented with world leading CEMS and Process gas analyser manufacturers as well as local distributors,  provide AquaGas with an extensive range of technologies, diverse measuring principle and sampling methods to design and build cost effective, versatile and high performance systems composed of instruments specifically selected  in consideration of the applications.

  • DATA ACQUISITION AND REPORTING SOFTWARE

    Data Aquisition Software (CDAS) is a fully MCERTS accredited (parts A, B, C1 & C2) real time data acquisition software – now available for touch screens and windows 10. CDAS is customisable and flexible, allowing it to collect raw data from a range of instruments for CEMS

  • ISOKINETIC SAMPLING CONSOLE

    Isokinetic sampler developed for short to medium term emissions monitoring, fulfilling all the requirements of the dioxins and persistent organic compounds (POPs), PCBs, metals, HCB and fine dust measurement standard within the same sampling train

  • PORTABLE GAS ANALYSERS

    O2, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, SO2, H2S, H2, CL2, N2O and VOCs

    Professional flue gas analyser combining high quality of sample conditioning with great measurement accuracy for continuous emissions monitoring or online process measurement of up to 9 gases simultaneously.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING

AquaGas Pty Ltd – Enews November 2016

We are delighted to announce the recent acquisition of several major projects in the field of Continuous Emissions Monitoring (CEMS) and industrial process control.

prony_energie

Continuous Emission Monitoring System

Prony Power Station in New Caledonia

AquaGas Pty Ltd, has been awarded a major contract for the supply, integration, installation and commissioning of two complete CEMS (Continuous Emission Monitoring System) used for compliance stack emissions monitoring of Prony Power Station located at one of the largest mining facilities located in southern hemisphere.

In this project, AquaGas has selected the LaserCEM (AP2E) and DR-320 R (DURAG) as the most suited technologies with regards to the application requirements and harsh monitoring conditions, providing the plant operator ENERCAL with the last generation of CEMS multigas analyser and dust monitors for online analysis of Particulates, HCl, SO2, NO, NO2, CO, CO2 and O2 at their two coal fired boiler facilities.

AquaGas scope also includes CDAS, Mcerts certified and state of the art data acquisition and reporting software suite. The CDAS software package ensures strict emissions reporting and clear environmental compliance.

The strong partnership with AP2E, expert in Laser Spectroscopy, and DURAG specialised in the field of environmental monitoring and process control has led to this first shared success, the acquisition of a capital reference for the LaserCEM in the field of power generation while enforcing AquaGas position in Oceania.

Prony Power Station is located on VALE mining site providing access to large port facilities for the supply of combustible. It consists of two 55 MW Alstom boilers (203 t/h – 87 bars – 515°C) equipped with Alstom turbines (85 bars – 500°C) and alternators (59 MVA – 11 kV) providing power for both the public demand and the needs of the large Nickel mining facilities.

Located close to the site and focused on customer satisfaction, AquaGas has implemented an efficient transfer of knowledge to the plant owner as well as to the local company ROBICAL assigned for the CEMS routine maintenance.

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Continuous Emission Monitoring System

Caltex Lytton refinery in Australia

Caltex has recently approached AquaGas to perform a system expertise at their Lytton refining facilities near Brisbane.

The difficulties experienced by Caltex with their CEMS (Continuous Emission Monitoring System) had been related to the existing sampling method and resulted in a high maintenance level and unreliable monitoring operations.

Thanks to the customer feedback and following a couple of site visits, AquaGas has identified several ways to optimise the existing CEMS (Continuous Emission Monitoring System) sampling method. In order to secure the data availability and keep the maintenance requirements to their minimum, AquaGas Pty Ltd has supplied, integrated and installed a set of heated gas sampling probes:

  • ASP300

    At the boiler facilities, the ASP300 fitted with automatic blowback, calibration port in accordance with CEMS standards and a continuous soot removal system.

  • ASP400

    For the Thermal Oxidiser, the ASP400 equipped with automatic blowback, calibration port in accordance with CEMS standards and designed to handle high dust load as well as elevated process gas temperatures.

Both the ASP300 and ASP400 provide the plant operator with application specific features and innovative design resulting in a series of advantages:

  • Programmable back-flush sequences,
  • Calibration as per CEMS code,
  • Extended filtration surface,
  • Flue gas temperature measurement
  • Insitu filters – The ASP’s allows the inspection of the Insitu or “top filter” without the need for dismounting the probe (No fitters required for inspection or maintenance).
  • Adjustable temperature set point (set at 190 degree Celsius)
  • Continuous and automated soot removal performed directly at the sampling point

For further information on Ankersmid Gas Sampling probes, you can visit our website: www.aquagas.com.au.

Ankersmid Sampling

  • Universal

    CEMS integration made easy

  • Performant

    Field proven, high quality, durable Ankersmid Sampling BVBA patented designs

  • Modular

    Comprehensive range of gas sampling equipment from one source

  • Efficient

    Easy to install, maintain and operate

AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

Mine Water Online Analysers

 

The use of water in mining has the potential to affect the quality of surrounding surface water and groundwater. In response to environmental concerns and government regulations, the mining industry worldwide increasingly monitors water discharged from mine sites, and has implemented a number of management strategies to prevent water pollution. Water issues and management vary from site to site and must be addressed locally.

lagoa_vermelha_na_mina_do_losal_05

How mines use water

Mining operations use water for mineral processing and metal recovery, controlling dust, and meeting the needs of workers on site. The amount of water required by a mine varies depending on its size, the mineral being extracted, and the extraction process used. For instance, metal mines that chemically process ore to concentrate metals such as copper and gold use much more water than non-metal mines such as coal, salt, or gravel mines.

Although a large mining operation may use a considerable amount of water, the minerals industry overall consumes a relatively small quantity of water at national and global levels. Mining accounted for 4% of the water used in Canada in 2005, versus 60% for coal and nuclear electric power generation, 18.5% for manufacturing, 9.5% for municipal water supplies, and 8% for agriculture. Mining accounts for 1% of water used in the U.S., and 2-3% of the total water consumed in Australia.

The rate of water reuse and recycling in mineral processing is often very high at mine sites, especially in areas with arid climates. A number of innovative water conservation practices  are being developed and implemented to reduce water use.

weipa-hydromine

Types of mine water

There are a number of classifications of mine water, which can vary in their quality and potential for contamination:

  • Mine water: refers to any surface or groundwater present at the mine site
  • Mining water: water which has come into contact with any mine workings
  • Mill water: water used to crush and grind ore, may contain dissolved minerals and/or metals
  • Process water: water used in the chemical extraction of metals, commonly contains process chemicals
  • Leachate: water which has trickled through solid mine wastes and may contain dissolved minerals, process chemicals, and/or metals
  • Effluent: Mining, mill, or process water which is being discharged into surface water, often after being treated
  • Mine drainage water: Surface or groundwater which flows or has the potential to flow off the mine site

Typically, all the mine water at metal mines is collected and stored in tailing ponds before being treated and released to surface water if necessary.

 

SERES Mine Water Online analysers

Versatile Monitoring for the mining industry

 

SERES large portfolio of on-line analysers enables you to monitor precisely the complete mining process, from influent to effluent. Compliance with discharge regulations is another application example and typically expressed as sum parameters, for which SERES has unique solution.AQUAGAS - WQMS -TOPAZ

 

The TOPAZ mine water online analysers are designed for automatic and continuous monitoring of a several parameters amongst a large range of chemical compounds in all type of water. Thanks to its concept using a combination of analytical methods (Colorimetry, Titrimetry and Potentiometry or selected absorption) the TOPAZ allows accurate, reliable and versatile water quality monitoring. With  multistream capabilities up to 6 channels, the TOPAZ fulfils the industrial requirements and demands of mine water analysis.

 

 

Some of the TOPAZ analysers suited to the mining industry

Specs vs Parameters

Chrome

Total Chrome

Lead Manganese Copper Nickel
Sample preparation Dilution  required above

1000 µg/l

Filtration if required

Dilution  required above

3 mg/l

Filtration if required

Dilution  required above

2000 µg/l

Filtration if required

Dilution  required above

5 mg/l

Filtration if required

Dilution  required above

2 mg/l

Filtration if required

Method Colorimetry Colorimetry Colorimetry Colorimetry Colorimetry
Measuring range 0-1000 µg/l from 0-1 mg/l to 0-3 mg/l from 0-200 µg/l to

0-2 mg/l

0-5 mg/l 0-2 mg/l
L.D.L

Lower Detection Limit

10µg/l 0.13 mg/l 11 µg/l 9 µg/l 0.07mg/l
Accuracy <1-2 % Full range <1 % Full range <3 % Full range <3 % Full range <3 % Full range
Repeatability <1-2 % Full range <1 % Full range <2 % Full range <3 % Full range <2 % Full range
Response time 10 min

40 min (CT)

5 min 15 min 20 min 15 min

AT THE HEART OF INNOVATION

SERES environnement is continually implicated in the process of technological innovation. “We constantly re-invest in research and development in order to provide our clients with the most advanced technologies. For SERES, the notion of change is a permanent challenge. We work in partnership and collaboration with French and foreign research centres (such as the CNRS – the French National Centre for Scientific Research), Engineering Colleges and Universities.” SERES environnement makes 60% of its turnover on the export market in more than 35 countries with references in the Oil & Gas, Water treatment, Cement and Glass industry, Energy and large manufacturing companies…

SERES Environnement References

 


AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

Indoor air quality

 

Air Quality in Submarines

The last generation of conventional submarines allows several weeks of submersion, creating a need for regenerative air purification methods and new air monitoring instruments. Submarine air is a complex mixture of compounds, where the most obvious contaminant is metabolically produced carbon dioxide. Normal eight-hour occupational exposure limits are not applicable on a submarine, instead special long-time exposure limits are set.

A number of air purification methods for submarines are either available or under development, e.g. cryogenic plants, biological plants and solid amine plants. For air monitoring, the OFCEAS method is an interesting option, already in use on-board nuclear submarines.

The main contaminant of submarine air is CO2. In ordinary buildings 1000 ppm is usually considered as a maximum concentration. This value is not based on health effects but on the rate of ventilation. In submarines, higher CO2 concentrations are permitted, usually 5000- 7000 ppm. A submarine atmosphere consists of a large number of contaminants such as ozone, which can be formed in electrical devices and hydrogen, which is formed when the batteries are charged.

To ensure the health of the crew on short and long term, it is important to specify the permitted composition of the submarine atmosphere.

ProCeasNAV-Onboard-air-quality-analyser

Table 1 shows a submarine air specification for a conventional submarine.

Compounds Limit Compounds Limit
NO2 5 ppm NH3 25 ppm
CO2 8 000 ppm O3 0.1 ppm
CO 35 ppm H2 2 %
SO2 2 ppm CL2 1 ppm
Formaldehyde 2 ppm H2O2 1 ppm
Akrolein 0.1 ppm

 

Since the crew is continuously exposed to the submarine air for several weeks, normal eight hour occupational exposure levels are not applicable and special exposure limits must be determined. Maximum Permissible Concentrations (MPC) are set for an exposure time of 90 days for a number of compounds likely to be found in a submarine. They have also set emergency MPC’s for 24 h and 60 min.

The ProCeas® NAV

The ProCeas® NAV is designed for online monitoring of CO2, CO, Freon, H2S, H2, O2, Formaldehyde (…) in nuclear and conventional submarines. The ProCeas® NAV uses the OFCEAS method commercialized by Ap2e of France.

ap2e-CEMS and Process Analysers

The OFCEAS system uses a high-finesse optical cavity to provide path lengths of tens of kilometres. Moreover the OFCEAS technology can also, in certain configurations, take advantage of broadband light sources to provide multi-component analysis, while offering improved sensitivity when compared with shorter path-length methods, such as Tunable Diode Laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS).

ProCeasNAV-indoor air quality in submarines

The ProCeas® NAV analyser has been designed to endure large temperature variations, high vibrations and englobes all criteria required by the military environment to assure long-term crew member health in a confined environment.

Some of the gases and measuring ranges available on the ProCeas® NAV are:

Carbon Monoxide CO: 0-1000 ppm – Lower Detection Limit: 1 ppm

Carbon Dioxyde CO2: 0-5% – Lower Detection Limit: 0.01 %

Hydrogen Sulfide H2S: 0-10 ppm – Lower Detection Limit: 0.1 ppm

Freon; R134a and R404: 0-1000 ppm – Lower Detection Limit: 2 ppm

Ethanol C3H6O 0-2000 ppm – Lower Detection Limit: 4 ppm

General characteristics

Response time < 10 sec

No Zero drift and no Span drift – No daily calibration required – No nitrogen, zero air, purge or other carrier gas.

Weight 15 to 20 kg

Dimensions 480 x 240 x 150 cm

Formaldehyde in Indoor Air

 

For continuous ambient and indoor air quality monitoring (real time at ppb levels), the ProCeas® spectrometer is equipped with a laser at a single wavelength used to determine the concentration of a specific compound with an extremely low detection limit and fast response time. The OFCEAS extended optical path and continuous signal feedback provide a high definition spectral response using what is essentially a traditional absorption measurement.

ProCeas

ProCeas® Formaldehyde at HUTCHINSON

As per the international OH&S regulations on Formaldehyde, Hutchinson, subsidiary of TOTAL, evaluated several technologies to implement continuous real-time monitoring of Formaldehyde at their Plant facilities.

The ProCeas® has been selected by Hutchinson as the technology the most suited to their monitoring needs in terms of response time, accuracy and flexibility around the integration within the mainstream of their installation.

Hutchinson uses the ProCeas® to measure various level of Formaldehyde in the air at 3 separated sampling locations: laboratory, offices & entrance hall.

ProCeas-INDOOR-AIR-QUALITY

ProCeas Key features

  • Low detection level
  • Complete pre-calibrated laser infra-red spectrometer
  • Reduced response-time with Low pressure sampling system
  • Suitable for a wide range of components in ambient air: NH3, O2, H2, H2S, HCFC, VOCs, (…)

Example of performances for the Formaldehyde

Measuring range: 0-10 ppm (up to 1%)

Lower detection limit: 1 ppb – (10 ppm at 1%)

Response time 2s

No Zero drift and no Span drift – No daily calibration required – No nitrogen, zero air, purge or other carrier gas.

Area Monitors for Sterilant Gas

Hazards of sterilant gases

Since sterilant gases are selected to destroy a wide range of biological life forms, any gas which is suitable for sterilisation will present a hazard to personnel exposed to it. The NIOSH Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health values (IDLH) for the three sterilant gases are 800 ppm, 75 ppm and 5 ppm for ethylene oxide, hydrogen peroxide and ozone respectively.

For comparison, the IDLH of cyanide gas (hydrogen cyanide) is 50 ppm. Thus exposure to even low levels of sterilant gas should not be treated casually and most facilities go to great lengths to adequately protect their employees. In addition sterilizers (as with any mechanical device) can and sometimes do fail and leaks have been reported. Continuous gas monitors are used as part of an overall safety program to provide a prompt alert to nearby workers in the event that there is a leak of the sterilant gas.Steri-Trac Area Monitors - sterilant gas - AquaGas

Monitoring Sterilant

The monitor alarms are typically set to warn if the concentrations exceed the OSHA permissible exposure limits (PELs), 1.0 ppm for ethylene oxide and 1.0 and 0.1 ppm for OH&S and ozone respectively. The PELs are calculated as 8 hour time weighted average values.

In addition to providing continuous monitoring, the better gas monitors include a computer based data acquisition system provides automatic data logging to assist with compliance with OSHA’s regulations and impending alarms that allow users to rectify problems before they become a hazard.

There are several technologies that are commonly used for the detection of sterilant gases, the main three being electrochemical, gas chromatography and metal oxide semiconductor. All three technologies are suitable for ethylene oxide, but only electrochemical sensors are used for hydrogen peroxide and ozone detection.

For ethylene oxide, metal oxide electrochemical sensors provide a low cost, long life detector offer very good sensitivity, fast alarm response times and small size. ChemDAQ gas monitor manufacturers mainly use electrochemical sensors for toxic gases because of their many advantages.

Electrochemical sensors have traditionally suffered from a cross sensitivity problems with other vapours (alcohols are especially troublesome in health care). Cross sensitivity results in false alarms, unnecessary evacuations and eventually a loss of confidence in the gas monitoring system.

AquaGas - ChemDag - Steri-trac

ChemDAQ has developed a proprietary chemical filter that allows the ethylene oxide to pass through but removes most common interferent gases and vapours (including carbon monoxide, ethanol and IPA). The use of this filter allow the ethylene oxide to be detected with all the advantages that electrochemical sensors have to offer, but without the problems of cross sensitivity.

Capture

 

AquaGas is supporting the global industrial community with high performance environmental and process monitoring systems (Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems, Air Quality Monitoring Systems, Online process analysers, Water Quality Monitoring Systems) specifically designed and built to meet your application requirements.

Suspended oil online monitoring

aquagas_logo_500px

 

The benefits of accurate suspended oil (oil in water) online monitoring are countless with regards to process and wastewater management, especially in the oil and gas industry. Continuous hydrocarbons monitoring enables complete environmental compliance, detailed process optimisation and reduced operating costs often by the use of a single instrument.

  • Improves systems nominal capacity
  • Ensures safe purge and filtration operations
  • Eliminates manual handling and intermittent attendances
  • Decreases oil losses and hydrocarbons released
  • Prevents bacterial contamination and equipment corrosion
  • ATEX and application specific engineered versions available
  • Maintenance Free, purge time counter and auto-stop function
  • Automated fully programmable system
  • Suitable for all type of Hydrocarbons
  • Intuitive interface through touch screen

Discharge management

OPAL-OIl Pollution Alarm - WQMS

Oil platforms, refineries and Tank farms generate produced water which requires close management. For every country in Oceania, there are regulations setting limits on the amount of hydrocarbons than can be disposed of overboard and a range of different lab techniques that can be used for reporting this amount. The OPAL and PAUTBAC II from SERES IR based analysers can provide continuous measurement of the oil concentrations in the discharge water from oil and gas processing and storage facilities.

Process optimisation


The OPAL and PAUTBAC II from SERES are respectively side stream analyser and oil tank de-watering systems based on IR light scattering. They not only can provide you with extremely accurate monitoring, but also sense for changes in the size of oil droplets and therefore in process conditions. Using the built in IR detector, the OPAL and PAUTBAC II analysers enable early detection of oil traces in all type of water, ensuring fast overview of the process conditions.
As the volume of your discharge water increases, you need a system that will meet your changing demands, work reliably and with minimal operator input required. Having provided hundreds of online monitoring systems worldwide, SERES is the best positioned to assist you along with your water management plan.

Oil Pollution Alarm

Every platform, refineries, industrial process (…) has to recover as much oil as possible, as efficiently as possible. In order to make improvements you need to understand how the current system is working. SERES Environnement manufactures the OPAL (IMO* certified) allowing real-time measurement of oil concentrations at the inlet and outlet of any separator, providing continuous on-line information about the effectiveness of your separators. The OPAL can also trigger a divert valve to route the produced water through a sand filter.

ODME OPAL

The OPAL is the last generation of detector designed for online and Real-time suspended Hydrocarbons monitoring. It uses Infra-Red scattering to enables early detection of oil in any type of water. Reagent’s free, the OPAL represents the most cost effective solution and matches a large range of application requirements.

* IMO International Maritime Organisation

Opal_Chassis_Base_120419

PAUTBAC II

automatic tank dewatering system

The PAUTBAC II is the best suited system to automate water drainage from oil storage tank. With its capacitive probe, it is a flexible, economical and reliable system capable to handle the crucial but time consuming task of oil tank dewatering without the need for human attendance. PAUTBAC II is designed to be install online and is a fully automatic system with adjustable threshold form 5 to 25% and no tank modifications required

 

AQUAGAS - WQMS -PAUTBAC3

A Teflon coated capacitive probe is inserted in an explosion proof circulation chamber mounted in the tank draining pipe work. The probe measures the dielectric constant to detect the interface between oil and water. The control unit processes the probe signal to control the tank purge valve operation.

key facts about automatic dewatering systems

  • Avoid product losses
  • Reducing amount of hydrocarbons discharged on waste water / cost for waste water treatment
  • Increase tanks capacity
  • Prevents tank corrosion
  • Eliminates labour costs dues to manual operation
  • Reduce risk of personal exposures to chemicals

 

PAUTBAC advantages

  • Completely automatic dewatering process
  • No maintenance needed
  • No calibration needed
  • Elimination of tank penetration
  • Easy installation without having to drain tank
  • Highly sensitive and reliable

 

AT THE HEART OF INNOVATION

SERES environnement is continually implicated in the process of technological innovation. “We constantly re-invest in research and development in order to provide our clients with the most advanced technologies. For SERES, the notion of change is a permanent challenge. We work in partnership and collaboration with French and foreign research centres (such as the CNRS – the French National Centre for Scientific Research), Engineering Colleges and Universities.” SERES environnement makes 60% of its turnover on the export market in more than 35 countries with references in the Oil & Gas, Water treatment, Cement and Glass industry, Energy and large manufacturing companies…

SERES Environnement References